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Tuberculosis (TB) remains a threat to global health. While advances in diagnostics and treatment are crucial to the containment of the epidemic, it is likely that elimination of the disease can only be achieved through vaccination. Vaccine-induced protection from Mycobacterium tuberculosis is dependent, at least in part, on a robust Th1 response, yet little is known of the ability of TB vaccines to induce other T-cell subsets which may influence vaccine efficacy. Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) is a proinflammatory cytokine produced by Th17 cells which has been associated with both immune pathology and protection against infectious disease. Following vaccination with MVA85A, a viral vector vaccine aimed at enhancing immune responses to M. tuberculosis, antigen-specific IL-17A-producing T cells were induced in the peripheral blood of healthy volunteers. These T cells are detected later than gamma interferon (IFN-gamma)-secreting T cells and are of a low magnitude. Preexisting immune responses to mycobacterial antigens were associated with higher CD4(+) CD25(hi) CD39(+) T-cell levels in the periphery and a reduced capacity to produce IL-17A following immunization. These data highlight the intricate balance of effector and regulatory immune responses induced by vaccination and that preexisting immunity to mycobacterial antigens may affect the composition of vaccine-induced T-cell subsets.

Original publication

DOI

10.1128/CVI.00047-10

Type

Journal article

Journal

Clin Vaccine Immunol

Publication Date

07/2010

Volume

17

Pages

1066 - 1073

Keywords

Adolescent, Adult, BCG Vaccine, Clinical Trials as Topic, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Humans, Interleukin-17, Middle Aged, Observation, T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer, T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory, Treatment Outcome, Tuberculosis Vaccines, Vaccination, Young Adult