BET Inhibition Upregulates SIRT1 and Alleviates Inflammatory Responses.
Kokkola T., Suuronen T., Pesonen M., Filippakopoulos P., Salminen A., Jarho EM., Lahtela-Kakkonen M.
Control of histone acetylation is a part of the epigenetic mechanism that regulates gene expression and chromatin architecture. The members of the bromodomain and extra terminal domain (BET) protein family are a group of epigenetic readers that recognize histone acetylation, whereas histone deacetyl- ases such as sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) function as epigenetic erasers. We observed that BET inhibition by the specific inhibitor JQ1 upregulated SIRT1 expression and activated SIRT1. Moreover, we observed that BET inhibition functionally reversed the pro-inflammatory effect of SIRT1 inhibition in a cellular lung disease model. SIRT1 activation is desirable in many age-related, metabolic and inflammatory diseases; our results suggest that BET protein inhibition would be beneficial in treatment of those conditions. Most importantly, our findings demonstrate a novel mechanism of SIRT1 activation by inhibition of the BET proteins.