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DNA polymerase theta (Polθ) has been identified as a crucial alternative non-homologous end-joining factor in mammalian cells. Polθ is upregulated in a range of cancer cell types defective in homologous recombination, and knockdown has been shown to inhibit cell survival in a subset of these, making it an attractive target for cancer treatment. We present crystal structures of the helicase domain of human Polθ in the presence and absence of bound nucleotides, and a characterization of its DNA-binding and DNA-stimulated ATPase activities. Comparisons with related helicases from the Hel308 family identify several unique features. Polθ exists as a tetramer both in the crystals and in solution. We propose a model for DNA binding to the Polθ helicase domain in the context of the Polθ tetramer, which suggests a role for the helicase domain in strand annealing of DNA templates for subsequent processing by the polymerase domain.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.str.2015.10.014

Type

Journal article

Journal

Structure

Publication Date

01/12/2015

Volume

23

Pages

2319 - 2330

Keywords

Amino Acid Sequence, Catalytic Domain, DNA, DNA End-Joining Repair, DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase, Humans, Molecular Sequence Data, Protein Binding