Characterization of T-cell receptors directed against HLA-A*01-restricted and C*07-restricted epitopes of MAGE-A3 and MAGE-A12.
Zhu S., Van den Eynde BJ., Coulie PG., Li YF., El-Gamil M., Rosenberg SA., Robbins PF.
The ability of T cells that have been genetically engineered to express T-cell receptors (TCRs) directed against tumor antigens to mediate tumor regression has been demonstrated in several clinical trials. These TCRs have primarily targeted HLA-A*0201-restricted TCRs, as approximately 50% of whites, who represent the predominant population of patients who develop melanomas, expresses this HLA class I allele. These therapies could be extended to additional patients through the use of TCRs that target epitopes that are presented by additional class I alleles that are prevalent in this population such as HLA-C*07 and HLA-A*01, which are expressed by approximately 50% and 30% of the patient population respectively. Therefore, 2 TCRs that recognize an epitope of MAGE-A12 in the context of HLA-C*07 and 2 TCRs that recognize an epitope of MAGE-A3 in the context of HLA-A*01 were isolated from tumor-reactive T-cell clones and cloned in a recombinant retroviral expression vector. Comparative studies indicated that one of the 2 MAGE-A3-reactive TCRs and one of the 2 MAGE-A12-reactive TCRs were superior to the additional TCRs in conferring transduced peripheral blood mononuclear cells with the capacity to recognize a broad array of antigen and MHC-positive target cells. These results provide support for the use of these TCRs in cancer adoptive immunotherapy trials.