Substituted 2-(2-aminopyrimidin-4-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylates as potent inhibitors of JumonjiC domain-containing histone demethylases.
Roatsch M., Robaa D., Pippel M., Nettleship JE., Reddivari Y., Bird LE., Hoffmann I., Franz H., Owens RJ., Schüle R., Flaig R., Sippl W., Jung M.
BACKGROUND: Aberrant expression of iron(II)- and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent JumonjiC histone demethylases has been linked to cancer. Potent demethylase inhibitors are drug candidates and biochemical tools to elucidate the functional impact of demethylase inhibition. METHODS & RESULTS: Virtual screening identified a novel lead scaffold against JMJD2A with low-micromolar potency in vitro. Analogs were acquired from commercial sources respectively synthesized in feedback with biological testing. Optimized compounds were transformed into cell-permeable prodrugs. A cocrystal x-ray structure revealed the mode of binding of these compounds as competitive to 2-oxoglutarate and confirmed kinetic experiments. Selectivity studies revealed a preference for JMJD2A and JARID1A over JMJD3. CONCLUSION: Virtual screening and rational structural optimization led to a novel scaffold for highly potent and selective JMJD2A inhibitors.