Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Phylogenetic analysis of the 5' non-coding region (5'NCR) sequences has demonstrated that GB virus C/hepatitis G virus (GBV-C/HGV) can be separated into three major groups that correlate with the geographic origin of the isolate. Sequence analysis of the 5'NCR of 54 GBV-C/HGV isolates from 31 blood donors, 11 haemodialysis patients and 12 patients with chronic liver disease suggests the presence of a new variant of GBV-C/HGV in the province of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. Eleven isolates grouped as group 1 variants (bootstrap support, 90%) found predominantly in West and Central Africa, a further six isolates grouped as group 2 variants (bootstrap support, 58%) found in Europe and North America; five of which grouped as 2a (bootstrap support, 91%) and one as 2b (bootstrap support, 87%), the latter also includes isolates from Japan, East Africa and Pakistan. Although the remaining 37 GBV-C/HGV isolates were more closely related to group 1 variants (bootstrap support, 90%), they formed a cluster, which was distinct from all other known GBV-C/HGV sequences. None of the South African isolates grouped with group 3 variants described from Southeast Asia. Three variants of GBV-C/HGV exist in KwaZulu Natal: groups 1, 2 and a new variant, which is distinct from other African isolates.


Journal article


Virus Res

Publication Date





151 - 160


Base Sequence, Blood Donors, Chronic Disease, Flaviviridae, Hepatitis, Viral, Human, Humans, Liver Diseases, Molecular Sequence Data, Phylogeny, RNA, Viral, Renal Dialysis, Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid, South Africa