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We present a rigorous statistical model that infers the structure of P. falciparum mixtures-including the number of strains present, their proportion within the samples, and the amount of unexplained mixture-using whole genome sequence (WGS) data. Applied to simulation data, artificial laboratory mixtures, and field samples, the model provides reasonable inference with as few as 10 reads or 50 SNPs and works efficiently even with much larger data sets. Source code and example data for the model are provided in an open source fashion. We discuss the possible uses of this model as a window into within-host selection for clinical and epidemiological studies.

Original publication




Journal article


PLoS Comput Biol




Algorithms, Bayes Theorem, Chromosome Mapping, DNA, Protozoan, Plasmodium falciparum, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Species Specificity