Genome-wide genetic screening with chemically mutagenized haploid embryonic stem cells.
Forment JV., Herzog M., Coates J., Konopka T., Gapp BV., Nijman SM., Adams DJ., Keane TM., Jackson SP.
In model organisms, classical genetic screening via random mutagenesis provides key insights into the molecular bases of genetic interactions, helping to define synthetic lethality, synthetic viability and drug-resistance mechanisms. The limited genetic tractability of diploid mammalian cells, however, precludes this approach. Here, we demonstrate the feasibility of classical genetic screening in mammalian systems by using haploid cells, chemical mutagenesis and next-generation sequencing, providing a new tool to explore mammalian genetic interactions.