Association between a defective CCR-5 gene and progression to disease in HIV infection.
Balfe P., Churcher Y., Penny M., Easterbrook PJ., Goodall RL., Galpin S., Gotch F., Daniels RS., McKeating JA.
We measured the effect(s) of CCR-5 genotype on disease progression by studying the frequency of a defective CCR-5 delta32 allele within a cohort of long-term infected individuals. An elevated frequency of CCR-5 delta32 heterozygotes within the cohort compared with a control population of blood donors was observed. An association between progression rate and CCR-5 delta32 heterozygosity was observed. Furthermore, analysis of proviral DNA V3 sequences from a subset of the cohort predicted that the majority of individuals (39 of 44) were infected with viruses predicted to utilize the beta-chemokine receptor CCR-5. The marked association between CCR-5 genotype and disease progression observed in this study may be a consequence of the predicted low frequency of CXCR-4-utilizing viruses present within the selected cohort.