Evaluation of human and simian immunodeficiency virus plaque and neutralization assays.
McKeating JA., McKnight A., McIntosh K., Clapham PR., Mulder C., Weiss RA.
A number of CD4+ T cell lines were compared for their ability to act as target cells for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in syncytium- and plaque-forming assays. MT-4 and C8166 cells were the most sensitive indicator cells for HIV- and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-induced cytopathic effects, and gave rise to macroscopic (MT-4) and microscopic (C8166) plaques. The MT-4 plaque assay was evaluated for the measurement of HIV- and SIV-neutralizing antibodies.