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Family studies were carried out to look at CR1 expression in 24 hydralazine-induced SLE patients (Hz Reactors), who had been off the drug for at least 1 year and were clinically well at the time of the study. Mean expression of CR1 was reduced by 27% in the group of hypertensives who had developed Hz-induced SLE compared with a group of 35 normal individuals. CR1 expression was also slightly reduced in the relatives of the Hz Reactors compared to the normal group. Using a solid-phase Clq binding assay, CIC levels were found to be elevated in the plasma of the Hz reactors and an inverse relationship was found between CR1 levels and CIC levels in this patient group. Both CR1 levels and CIC levels in Hz Reactors and normal individuals were constant over the 36 weeks studied. This study suggests that there is an association between an inability to deal efficiently with CIC and susceptibility to developing Hz-induced SLE.


Journal article


Clinical and experimental immunology

Publication Date





446 - 456


University Department of Pharmacology, Oxford, UK.


Erythrocytes, Humans, Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic, Hydralazine, Receptors, Complement, Receptors, Complement 3b, Antigen-Antibody Complex, Longitudinal Studies, Pedigree, England, Female, Male