Pharyngeal carriage of Neisseria meningitidis in 2-19-year-old individuals in Uganda.
Caugant DA., Fogg C., Bajunirwe F., Piola P., Twesigye R., Mutebi F., Frøholm LO., Rosenqvist E., Batwala V., Aaberge IS., Rottingen J-A., Guerin PJ.
In southern Uganda, only sporadic cases of serogroup A meningococcal disease have been reported since 2000. As part of an immunogenicity study of the tetravalent meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine, nasopharyngeal swab samples were collected twice, 4 weeks apart, from 2-19-year-old healthy individuals in Mbarara, Uganda. Only 15 (2.0%) of the 750 individuals carried meningococci asymptomatically. Most of the strains were non-serogroupable and none were serogroup A. However, two individuals carried a serogroup W135 strain, sequence type (ST)-11, similar to the clone that was responsible for the epidemic in Burkina Faso in 2002. Our study further demonstrates the geographical spread of serogroup W135 ST-11 strain and thus the potential epidemic risk.