Purification, crystallization and preliminary structural studies of dTDP-6-deoxy-D-xylo-4-hexulose 3,5-epimerase (RmlC), the third enzyme of the dTDP-L-rhamnose synthesis pathway, from Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium
Giraud MF., Gordon FM., Whitfield C., Messner P., McMahon SA., Naismith JH.
L-Rhamnose is an essential component of the cell wall of many pathogenic bacteria. Its precusor, dTDP-L-rhamnose, is synthesized from α-D-glucose-1-phosphate and dTTP via a pathway requiring four distinct enzymes: RmlA, RmlB, RmlC and RmlD. RmlC was overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant protein was purified by a two-step protocol involving anion-exchange and hydrophobic chromatography. Dynamic light-scattering experiments indicated that the recombinant protein is monodisperse. Crystals were obtained using the sitting-drop vapour-diffusion method with ammonium sulfate as precipitant. Diffraction data were collected on a frozen crystal to a resolution of 2.17 Å. The crystal belongs to either space group P3121 or P3221, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 71.56, c = 183.53 Å and α = β = 90, γ = 120°.