The structure of mouse L1210 dihydrofolate reductase-drug complexes and the construction of a model of human enzyme.
Stammers DK., Champness JN., Beddell CR., Dann JG., Eliopoulos E., Geddes AJ., Ogg D., North AC.
The structure of mouse L1210 dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) complexed with NADPH and trimethoprim has been refined at 2.0 A resolution. The analogous complex with NADPH and methotrexate has been refined at 2.5 A resolution. These structures reveal for the first time details of drug interactions with a mammalian DHFR, which are compared with those observed from previous X-ray investigations of DHFR/inhibitor complexes. The refined L1210 structure has been used as the basis for the construction of a model of the human enzyme. There are only twenty-one sequence differences between mouse L1210 and human DHFRs, and all but two of these are located close to the molecular surface: a strong indication that the active sites are essentially identical in these two mammalian enzymes.