Structure of a central stalk subunit F of prokaryotic V-type ATPase/synthase from Thermus thermophilus.
Makyio H., Iino R., Ikeda C., Imamura H., Tamakoshi M., Iwata M., Stock D., Bernal RA., Carpenter EP., Yoshida M., Yokoyama K., Iwata S.
The crystal structure of subunit F of vacuole-type ATPase/synthase (prokaryotic V-ATPase) was determined to of 2.2 A resolution. The subunit reveals unexpected structural similarity to the response regulator proteins that include the Escherichia coli chemotaxis response regulator CheY. The structure was successfully placed into the low-resolution EM structure of the prokaryotic holo-V-ATPase at a location indicated by the results of crosslinking experiments. The crystal structure, together with the single-molecule analysis using fluorescence resonance energy transfer, showed that the subunit F exhibits two conformations, a 'retracted' form in the absence and an 'extended' form in the presence of ATP. Our results postulated that the subunit F is a regulatory subunit in the V-ATPase.