Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The red blood cell hexose monophosphate shunt (HMS) and proteolytic responses to several concentrations of Methylene Blue or sodium nitrite were measured. The results suggested two distinct mechanisms for activation of the HMS: (1) nitrite treatment increased HMS activity in response to oxidative challenge to red cell protein; (2) Methylene Blue treatment activated HMS without injurious oxidative challenge. Nitrite-treated cells actively degraded protein, whereas Methylene Blue-treated red cells did not activate proteolytic systems that degrade oxidized red cell protein. These observations are relevant to proposed in vitro systems for evaluation of drug hemolytic toxicity potential on the basis of HMS stimulation capacity.


Journal article


Int J Biochem

Publication Date





1053 - 1058


Adult, Erythrocytes, Hemolysis, Humans, In Vitro Techniques, Male, Methylene Blue, Oxidation-Reduction, Pentose Phosphate Pathway, Peptide Hydrolases, Sodium Nitrite