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Between January 1998 and December 2000, the Jayapura Provincial Public Hospital in northeastern Indonesian New Guinea (Papua) admitted 5,936 patients with a diagnosis of malaria. The microscopic diagnosis at admission was Plasmodium falciparum (3,976, 67%), Plasmodium vivax (1,135, 19%), Plasmodium malariae (8, < 1%), and mixed species infections (817, 14%). Approximately 9% (367) of patients were classified as having severe malaria (277 P. falciparum, 36 P. vivax, 53 mixed infections, and 1 P. malariae) and 88 died (79 P. falciparum/mixed infections and 9 P. vivax). Risk of fatal outcomes among severe malaria patients was indistinguishable between those with falciparum versus vivax malaria (OR = 0.89; P = 0.771). Compared with non-pregnant women, pregnant women showed no higher risk of severe malaria (P = 0.643) or death caused by severe malaria (P = 0.748). This study compares admissions per population (based on census data), parasitemia, morbidity, and mortality among children versus adults, pregnant versus non-pregnant women, and urban/suburban versus rural residents.


Journal article


Am J Trop Med Hyg

Publication Date





984 - 991


Adolescent, Age Distribution, Child, Child, Preschool, Hospitalization, Humans, Indonesia, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Malaria, Falciparum, Malaria, Vivax, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors