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Electronic noses (e-noses) are increasingly being used as vapour sensors in a range of application areas. E-noses made up of arrays of organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) are particularly valuable due the range and diversity of the information which they provide concerning analyte binding. This study demonstrates that arrays of OFETs, when combined with a data analysis technique using Genetic Programming (GP), can selectively detect airborne analytes in real time. The use of multiple parameters - on resistance, off current and mobility - collected from multiple transistors coated with different semiconducting polymers gives dramatic improvements in the sensitivity (true positive rate), specificity (true negative rate) and speed of sensing. Computer-controlled data collection allows the identification of analytes in real-time, with a time-lag between exposure and detection of the order of 4 s. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original publication




Journal article


Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical

Publication Date





365 - 372