Mdm2 inhibits the apoptotic function of p53 mainly by targeting it for degradation.
Yap DB., Hsieh JK., Lu X.
The ability of Mdm2 to inhibit the activities of a C-terminal truncated p53 mutant, p53-Delta30, which can bind Mdm2 but is resistant to Mdm2-mediated protein degradation was investigated. The inhibitory function of an Mdm2 mutant, Mdm2-Delta(222-437), which can bind p53 but is defective in targeting p53 for degradation was also studied. We have demonstrated that targeting p53 for degradation is the most effective way for Mdm2 to inhibit the apoptotic function of p53. However, we have also shown that Mdm2 can inhibit the transactivation function of p53 without targeting it for degradation, although Mdm2 releases the transrepression ability of p53 mainly by targeting it for degradation. The ability of Mdm2 to inhibit the apoptotic function of p53 was linked to its ability to inhibit the transrepression but not the transactivation function of p53. Furthermore, we have demonstrated that the transrepression function of p53 was specific to p53-induced apoptosis and was not simply a result of cell death.