Post-treatment and spontaneous HIV control.
Martin GE., Frater J.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of the current review is to explore the evidence around virological remission in ART-treated and untreated individuals living with HIV. With increasing evidence and interest in post-treatment control within the HIV-cure field, it is now increasingly important to agree on definitions to allow different 'controller' phenotypes to be clearly distinguished and mechanisms compared. RECENT FINDINGS: This review explores recent data on potential predictors and mechanisms driving spontaneous and post-treatment control. We explore data on the role of the reservoir as a determinant of control and the challenges associated with its study, including the safety of treatment interruption. We explore options around deriving a consensus on how to define different forms of control and the longer term utility of achieving remission. SUMMARY: Post-treatment control and remission following treatment interruption are becoming increasingly common measures of intervention efficacy in cure trials. As well as a need to show treatment interruption protocols are well tolerated and acceptable, for these measures to be robust and comparable between studies, clear and consensual definitions need to be agreed.