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Vaccines can serve as essential tools to prevent bacterial diseases via the induction of long-lasting IgG responses. The efficacy of such vaccines depends on the effector mechanisms triggered by IgG. The complement system and Fc-gamma receptors (FcγRs) can potentially play a crucial role in IgG-mediated immunity against bacterial diseases. However, their relative importance in vivo is unclear, and has been the object of controversy and debate. In this brief study, we have used gene-targeted mice lacking either FcγRI, II, II and IV or the C3 complement component as well as a novel mouse strain lacking both C3 and FcγRs to conclusively show the essential role of complement in antibody-mediated host resistance to Salmonella enterica systemic infection. By comparing the effect of IgG2a antibodies against Salmonella O-antigen in gene-targeted mice, we demonstrate that the complement system is essential for the IgG-mediated reduction of bacterial numbers in the tissues.

Original publication

DOI

10.1111/imm.13000

Type

Journal article

Journal

Immunology

Publication Date

01/2019

Volume

156

Pages

69 - 73

Keywords

Salmonella , in vivo , C3, FcγR, complement, infection