Daytime variation in hepatitis C virus replication kinetics following liver transplant.
Zhuang X., Lai AG., McKeating JA., Rowe I., Balfe P.
Background: There is a growing interest in the role of circadian regulated pathways in disease pathogenesis. Methods: In a cohort of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infected patients undergoing liver transplantation, we observed differences in early viral infection kinetics of the allograft that associated with the time of liver transplant. Results: A higher frequency of subjects transplanted in the morning showed a rebound in viral RNA levels (n=4/6) during the first week post-surgery. In contrast, no viral rebound was observed in seven subjects transplanted in the afternoon. None of the other parameters previously reported to influence viral replication in the post-transplant setting, such as donor age, cold-ischemia time and length of surgery associated with viral rebound. Conclusions: These observation highlights a role for circadian processes to regulate HCV infection of the liver and warrants further investigation.