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To define potentially causal variants for autoimmune disease, we fine-mapped1,2 76 rheumatoid arthritis (11,475 cases, 15,870 controls)3 and type 1 diabetes loci (9,334 cases, 11,111 controls)4. After sequencing 799 1-kilobase regulatory (H3K4me3) regions within these loci in 568 individuals, we observed accurate imputation for 89% of common variants. We defined credible sets of ≤5 causal variants at 5 rheumatoid arthritis and 10 type 1 diabetes loci. We identified potentially causal missense variants at DNASE1L3, PTPN22, SH2B3, and TYK2, and noncoding variants at MEG3, CD28-CTLA4, and IL2RA. We also identified potential candidate causal variants at SIRPG and TNFAIP3. Using functional assays, we confirmed allele-specific protein binding and differential enhancer activity for three variants: the CD28-CTLA4 rs117701653 SNP, MEG3 rs34552516 indel, and TNFAIP3 rs35926684 indel.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/s41588-018-0216-7

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nat Genet

Publication Date

10/2018

Volume

50

Pages

1366 - 1374

Keywords

Alleles, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, CD28 Antigens, CTLA-4 Antigen, Case-Control Studies, Chromosome Mapping, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, Gene Frequency, Genetic Loci, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genome-Wide Association Study, Humans, Jurkat Cells, Mutation, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Quantitative Trait Loci, RNA, Long Noncoding, Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha-Induced Protein 3